List of Minerals

List of Minerals - Definition & Role

Dietary minerals are the chemical elements required by our body (and other living organisms) to maintain optimal health.

They play a number of critical roles in our metabolism.

Note that the use of the term "mineral" here is different from the usage of the same term in geological science.

Dietitians say that minerals are best supplied by ingesting specific foods rich in specific minerals of interest.

Thus, according to said nutritional experts, our daily mineral requirements can be met simply with a conventional balanced diet.

However, sometimes minerals are ingested through taking mineral dietary supplements because not everyone maintains a proper diet.

Sixteen minerals are required to support human biochemical processes by serving structural and functional roles as well as electrolytes.

A distinction is drawn between minerals that are macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients are nutrients required in large quatities. Micronutrients are dietary minerals needed throughout life in very small quantities (less than 100 micrograms/day).

To give you an idea of the different need our body has for macronutrients and micronutrients we can cite a simple example: a 150 pound human (~70 kg) contains 1.0kg of calcium, but only 3mg of cobalt.

List of Dietary Minerals
Mineral Name
Chemical Symbol
Macro/Micro
Calcium
Ca
macromineral
Chloride
Cl
macromineral
Cobalt
Co
micromineral
Copper
Cu
micromineral
Iodine
I
micromineral
Iron
Fe
micromineral
Magnesium
Mg
macromineral
Manganese
Mn
micromineral
Molybdenum
Mo
micromineral
Nickel
Ni
micromineral
Phosphorus
P
macromineral
Potassium
K
macromineral
Selenium
Se
micromineral
Sodium
Na
macromineral
Sulfur
S
micromineral
Zinc
Zn
micromineral

There is a plethora of good supplements that are available online and can provide your body with a combination of minerals if you determine that you are in some way deficient.

However, the advice we always give when purchasing supplements is to make sure you are not paying too much just because you buy a particular brand. After all, a mineral is a mineral, no matter how it's packaged, it's still the same mineral.






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