Nitric Oxide Definition
Nitric oxide definition - Nitric oxide or nitrogen monoxide is a chemical compound with chemical formula NO.
This gas is an important signaling molecule in the body of all mammals, including humans. According to studies, nitric oxide triggers certain functions that set the stage for more complex brain operations much like a computer booting up its operating system before running more complicated programs.
Nitric oxide is also an extremely important intermediate in the chemical industry as well as in the fields of neuroscience, physiology and immunology.
It is also an air pollutant produced by cigarette smoke, automobile engines and power plants.
Nitric oxide's role in the physiological and pathological processes within the body are both beneficial and detrimental.
Beneficial effects of appropriate levels of NO are important in protecting organs such as the liver.
Detrimental effects of sustained levels of NO production cause tissue toxicity and contribute to vascular collapse associated with septic shock. Chronic manifestations of NO are associated with various carcinomas and inflammatory conditions including juvenile diabetes, multiple sclerosis, arthritis and ulcerative colitis.
Nitric oxide has a commercial use within the bodybuilding supplements industry where it is used as a lean muscle building supplement that also helps increase muscle hardness, vascularity and strength.
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