What is Resistance Training?

What is Resistance Training - Definition

Resistance training has different, sometimes confused meanings. The broader meaning refers to any type of training that uses resistance to opose muscular contraction (also termed strength training). The second more specific definition refers to the use of elastic or hydraulic resistance which is a specific type of strength training that uses hydraulic and elastic tension to provide resistance. Thus, we will discuss the more representative definition of resistance training which is the elastic/hydraulic type of training.


Resistance training is a form of strength training in which each effort is exerted/performed against an opposing force generated by resistance. This resistance can be resistance to being pushed, stretched, squeezed or bent.


There are two types of movement: isotonic and isometric. Isotonic is when a body part is moving against the force, while isometric is when a body part is holding still against the force.

The primary goal of resistance training is to develop the strength and size of muscles. The secondary benefits provide functional benefits and improvement in overall health and wellbeing. Extensive research has shown that resistance training strengthens and tones muscles and increases bone density and mass. Some studies have even concluded that resistance training is more beneficial than aerobics exercise for the purposes of fat loss.

Resistance training is performed using various types of resistance bands, exercise machines and swimming machines. Well known machines that use elastic resistance are Bowflex, Fitness Quest Total Gym, Soloflex and Aylio.

Hydraulic equipment, on the other hand, makes it possible for a person to do both strength training and cardio training at the same time. Other types of hydraulic resistance involes exercise in water or utilizing cylinders (equipment).


From "What is Resistance Training" to main page about "Strength Training"



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